Las resurrecciones

Las resurrecciones

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Las resurrecciones

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La resurrección de los muertos es una de las doctrinas fundamentales que llevan hacia la perfección y hacia la vida eterna (Hebrews 6:1-2 Hebrews 6:1-2 1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on to perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, 2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.
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). Si no fuera por la resurrección de los muertos, Cristo no hubiese sido levantado de la muerte y nuestra fe sería vana (1 Corintios 15:12-19). Los humanos somos mortales; no tenemos inmortalidad en nosotros mismos. Más aún, los humanos no somos capaces de alcanzar por nosotros mismos la vida eterna; por eso es necesaria la resurrección.

En 1 Corintios 15 leemos que la resurrección es la esperanza de toda la humanidad. Bíblicamente, este término significa que los muertos serán resucitados de la muerte y volverán a vivir. En las Escrituras se enseña que resucitarán “todos los que están en los sepulcros” (John 5:28 John 5:28Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,
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), pero existe un orden para la resurrección de todos los muertos (1 Corintios 15:23). La Biblia nos revela que algunos serán resucitados para vida eterna y otros serán sentenciados a la muerte eterna (Daniel 12:2-3 Daniel 12:2-3 2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
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; Revelation 20:13-15 Revelation 20:13-15 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. 14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. 15 And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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).

Las resurrecciones son posibles porque Dios tiene el poder de dar vida. Dios, por medio del Verbo, quien se convirtió en Jesucristo, dio vida al primer hombre, Adán. Tiene el mismo poder para infundirle vida a un ser humano por segunda vez. Tanto el Padre como el Hijo tienen vida en sí mismos (John 5:26 John 5:26For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself;
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). Este poder inherente de Dios puede producir tanto vida física como vida espiritual. Dios tiene el poder para resucitar a un muerto de su tumba como un ser físico o espiritual (1 Corintios 15:35-38). Dios ha demostrado que tiene el poder para resucitar a un muerto a la vida física (John 11:43-44 John 11:43-44 43 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. 44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave clothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus said to them, Loose him, and let him go.
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; Matthew 27:52-53 Matthew 27:52-53 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared to many.
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) o a la vida espiritual (Matthew 28:6-7 Matthew 28:6-7 6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. 7 And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goes before you into Galilee; there shall you see him: see, I have told you.
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). Las resurrecciones son posibles también porque Cristo ha sido resucitado (1 Corintios 15:20-22). Su resurrección como el Salvador viviente hizo posible la salvación para todas las personas y, por tanto, su resurrección. Si no fuera por la resurrección de Cristo, toda la humanidad moriría y perecería para siempre (Romans 5:10 Romans 5:10For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
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; 1 Corintios 15:26, 55).

El plan de salvación que Dios tiene para la humanidad requiere la resurrección de todos los que han muerto (John 5:28 John 5:28Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,
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). El apóstol Juan describe tres resurrecciones: una a la vida eterna (Revelation 20:4-6 Revelation 20:4-6 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark on their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection: on such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
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), una a la vida física (vv. 11-12), y una a la muerte en el lago de fuego (vv. 13-15 [aunque estos versículos no mencionan explícitamente una resurrección, los impíos incorregibles, que han rechazado el ofrecimiento de salvación de Dios, necesitarán ser resucitados para poder ser lanzados al lago de fuego]). John 5:29 John 5:29And shall come forth; they that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, to the resurrection of damnation.
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es otro versículo que nos ayuda a entender el plan de Dios. En este versículo se mencionan dos resurrecciones, pero la realidad es que la Biblia alude a tres.

La primera resurrección es llamada específicamente así: “. . . y vivieron y reinaron con Cristo mil años . . . Bienaventurado y santo el que tiene parte en la primera resurrección ; la segunda muerte no tiene potestad sobre éstos, sino que serán sacerdotes de Dios y de Cristo, y reinarán con él mil años” (Revelation 20:4-6 Revelation 20:4-6 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark on their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection: on such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
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). Esta resurrección ocurrirá al regreso de Cristo, cuando los justos que hayan muerto serán resucitados a la inmortalidad (1 Corintios 15:50-52; 1 Tesalonicenses 4:14-17). Esta es llamada “una mejor resurrección” (Hebrews 11:35 Hebrews 11:35Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection:
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) porque es una resurrección a la inmortalidad, para reinar con Cristo durante el milenio.

La segunda resurrección ocurrirá al final de los mil años del reinado de Cristo y de los santos. “Pero los otros muertos no volvieron a vivir hasta que se cumplieron mil años” (Revelation 20:5 Revelation 20:5But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
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). El versículo 12 nos da más detalles acerca de esta resurrección: “Y vi a los muertos, grandes y pequeños, de pie ante Dios; y los libros fueron abiertos, y otro libro fue abierto, el cual es el libro de la vida; y fueron juzgados los muertos por las cosas que estaban escritas en los libros, según sus obras”.

Esta es una resurrección a la vida física (Ezekiel 37:1-14 Ezekiel 37:1-14 1 The hand of the LORD was on me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the middle of the valley which was full of bones, 2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, see, they were very dry. 3 And he said to me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, you know. 4 Again he said to me, Prophesy on these bones, and say to them, O you dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. 5 Thus said the Lord GOD to these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and you shall live: 6 And I will lay sinews on you, and will bring up flesh on you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live; and you shall know that I am the LORD. 7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone. 8 And when I beheld, see, the sinews and the flesh came up on them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them. 9 Then said he to me, Prophesy to the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus said the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe on these slain, that they may live. 10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up on their feet, an exceeding great army. 11 Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts. 12 Therefore prophesy and say to them, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. 13 And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, 14 And shall put my spirit in you, and you shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall you know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, said the LORD.
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). Incluirá a la inmensa mayoría de todas las personas que han vivido alguna vez, quienes no conocieron el propósito que Dios tenía para sus vidas. Será un tiempo muy emocionante, cuando gente de todas las épocas volverá a la vida (Matthew 11:20-24 Matthew 11:20-24 20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not: 21 Woe to you, Chorazin! woe to you, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 But I say to you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. 23 And you, Capernaum, which are exalted to heaven, shall be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in you, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 24 But I say to you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you.
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; Matthew 12:41-42 Matthew 12:41-42 41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. 42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
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). Estas personas tendrán la posibilidad de vivir una vida física por segunda vez, pero esta será su primera y única oportunidad para recibir la salvación y la inmortalidad gloriosa en la familia de Dios. Se les dará el tiempo necesario para que aprendan y vivan el camino de vida de Dios. El plan de Dios incluye a todo el mundo. Él no quiere que ninguno perezca, sino que todos vengan al arrepentimiento y a la salvación (2 Pedro 3:9; 1 Timoteo 2:4).

La tercera resurrección ocurrirá al final del plan que Dios tiene para la humanidad. Todos aquellos que hayan rechazado el ofrecimiento de la vida eterna de Dios a lo largo de los siglos, serán resucitados a la vida física para morir en el lago de fuego. “Y el que no se halló inscrito en el libro de la vida fue lanzado al lago de fuego” (Revelation 20:14-15 Revelation 20:14-15 14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. 15 And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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; Hebrews 10:26-29 Hebrews 10:26-29 26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28 He that despised Moses“ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, who has trodden under foot the Son of God, and has counted the blood of the covenant, with which he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and has done despite to the Spirit of grace?
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; 2 Pedro 3:10-12). Nuestro amoroso Padre les da a todos la oportunidad de tener vida eterna, y no desea que ninguno perezca. Pero si algunos rehúsan aceptarla, el castigo será la segunda muerte, que pondrá fin a sus vidas rápidamente y para siempre (Malachi 4:1 Malachi 4:1For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yes, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that comes shall burn them up, said the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
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, Malachi 4:3 Malachi 4:3And you shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, said the LORD of hosts.
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; Matthew 25:46 Matthew 25:46And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
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).

Las tres resurrecciones nos revelan el orden del maravilloso plan de Dios y su propósito para la humanidad. Está determinado que el hombre muera una vez (Hebrews 9:27 Hebrews 9:27And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:
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), pero después vendrá la resurrección para todos aquellos que hayan vivido.

(Si desea profundizar en este tema, no vacile en solicitar los folletos gratuitos ¿Qué sucede después de la muerte?, El cielo y el infierno: ¿Qué es lo que enseña realmente la Biblia? y Las fiestas santas de Dios: Esperanza segura para la humanidad. )