Si el sábado se hubiera abolido en el Nuevo Testamento, deberíamos encontrar numerosos pasajes en los que esto fuera evidente. Para negar uno de los Diez Mandamientos, no podríamos esperar otra cosa.
Jesús afirmó claramente: “Ni una jota ni una tilde pasará de la ley, hasta que todo se haya cumplido” (Matthew 5:18 Matthew 5:18For truly I say to you, Till heaven and earth pass, one stroke or one pronunciation mark shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
American King James Version×). En varios pasajes, incluso capítulos enteros del Nuevo Testamento, se nos muestra el propósito espiritual que había en prácticas tales como los sacrificios de animales y la adoración en el templo (Hebrews 7:11-19 Hebrews 7:11-19 11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. 13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertains to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. 15 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there rises another priest, 16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. 17 For he testifies, You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. 18 For there is truly a cancellation of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof. 19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near to God.
American King James Version×; Hebrews 8:1-6 Hebrews 8:1-6 1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; 2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. 3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: why it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. 4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: 5 Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, said he, that you make all things according to the pattern showed to you in the mount. 6 But now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
American King James Version×; Hebrews 9:1-15 Hebrews 9:1-15 1 Then truly the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. 2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the show bread; which is called the sanctuary. 3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; 4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; 5 And over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly. 6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. 7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: 8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: 9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; 10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation. 11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. 13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh: 14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? 15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
American King James Version×; Hebrews 10:1-18 Hebrews 10:1-18 1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. 2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. 3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. 4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. 5 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me: 6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have had no pleasure. 7 Then said I, See, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do your will, O God. 8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin you would not, neither had pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; 9 Then said he, See, I come to do your will, O God. He takes away the first, that he may establish the second. 10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; 13 From now on expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. 14 For by one offering he has perfected for ever them that are sanctified. 15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, 16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, said the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; 17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. 18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
American King James Version×).
La ley de Dios permanece. De todos los libros de la Biblia, los últimos que se escribieron fueron las epístolas de Juan (escritas entre los años 85 y 95) y el Apocalipsis (hacia el año 95). ¿Fueron abolidos los Diez Mandamientos en esa época? Permitamos que el apóstol mismo nos conteste: “En esto sabemos que nosotros le conocemos, si guardamos sus mandamientos. El que dice: Yo le conozco, y no guarda sus mandamientos, el tal es mentiroso, y la verdad no está en él” (1 John 2:3-4 John 2:3-4 3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus said to him, They have no wine.
4 Jesus said to her, Woman, what have I to do with you? my hour is not yet come.
American King James Version×).
Juan definió el pecado como la violación de la ley de Dios: “Todo aquel que comete pecado, infringe también la ley; pues el pecado es infracción de la ley” (1 John 3:4 1 John 3:4Whoever commits sin transgresses also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
American King James Version×). Él sabía que la ley de Dios define nuestro amor por los demás y el amor por Dios: “En esto conocemos que amamos a los hijos de Dios, cuando amamos a Dios, y guardamos sus mandamientos. Pues este es el amor a Dios, que guardemos sus mandamientos; y sus mandamientos no son gravosos” (1 John 5:2-3 John 5:2-3 2 Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches. 3 In these lay a great multitude of weak folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.
American King James Version×).
La intención de la ley de Dios siempre ha sido el amor: “Este es el amor, que andemos según sus mandamientos. Este es el mandamiento: que andéis en amor, como vosotros habéis oído desde el principio” (2 Juan 6).
El Apocalipsis, inspirado por Jesucristo mismo (Revelation 1:1 Revelation 1:1The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to him, to show to his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel to his servant John:
American King James Version×), también realza la importancia de guardar los mandamientos de Dios. En el capítulo 12 leemos que poco antes del regreso de Jesús, Satanás tratará de destruir a los miembros de la Iglesia de Dios, “los que guardan los mandamientos de Dios y tienen el testimonio de Jesucristo” (v. 17).
En Revelation 14:12 Revelation 14:12Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
American King James Version×los santos son descritos como “los que guardan los mandamientos de Dios y la fe de Jesús”. La fe y la obediencia a los mandamientos de Dios van de la mano, como lo explicó el apóstol Pablo en Romans 3:31 Romans 3:31Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yes, we establish the law.
American King James Version×.
En el último capítulo de la Biblia encontramos un mensaje final para la iglesia, de parte de Jesucristo: “‘Yo vengo pronto, y mi galardón conmigo, para dar a cada uno según su obra . . . ¡Dichosos los que guardan sus Mandamientos, para que tengan derecho al árbol de la vida, y entren por las puertas en la ciudad!’” (Revelation 22:12 Revelation 22:12And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
American King James Version×, 14, Nueva Reina-Valera).
Resulta claro que la ley de Dios no fue abolida en el Nuevo testamento.